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Dr. Wilford Gardner
Wilford Gardner
(979) 845-3928
(979) 845-6331
Eller O&M 306D

Texas A&M University O&M Building
Room 306D MS 3146 
College Station, Texas 77843


Ph.D. Oceanography, Massachusetts Institute of Technology/ Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978

S.B. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1972

Wilford Gardner


Research Interests

  • Dynamics and biogeochemistry of marine particles - microns to macroaggregates
  • Bio-optics and hydrodynamics
  • Remote sensing and particulate organic carbon (POC)
  • Sediment transport in the ocean from the continental shelf to the deep sea
  • Nepheloid layers and benthic storms in the ocean

Selected Publications

  • Gardner, W.D., B.E. Tucholke, M.J. Richardson, and P.E. Biscaye. Benthic storms, nepheloid layers, and linkage with upper ocean dynamics in the Western North Atlantic.  Invited Review article, 2016, Marine Geology
  • Karageorgis A., Georgopoulos D., Gardner W.D., Mikkelsen, O.A., Velaoras D., How schlieren affects beam transmissometers and LISST-Deep: an example from the stratified Danube River delta, NW Black Sea, 2015. Mediterranean Marine Science, 16/2, 366-372. DOI: 10.12681/mms.1116
  • Boss, E. L. Guidi, M.J. Richardson, L Stemmann, W. Gardner, J.K. Bishop, R.F. Anderson, 2014. Optical techniques for in-situ characterization of particles pertinent to GEOTRACES, Progress in Oceanographydoi:
  • Karageorgis, A.P., Gardner, W.D., Mikkelsen, O.A., Georgopoulos, D., Ogston, A.S., Assimakopoulou, G., Krasakopoulou, E., Oaie, Gh., Secrieru, D., Kanellopoulos, Th.D., Pagou, K., Anagnostou, Ch., Papathanassiou, E., 2014. Particle sources over the Danube River Delta, Black Sea based on distribution, composition and size using optics, imaging and bulk analyses, Journal of Marine Systems, 131, 74–90.
  • Son, Y.B. and W.D. Gardner, 2011. Climatalogical variability of surface particulate organic carbon (POC) and physical processes based on ocean color data in the Gulf of Mexico. Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, 27(3), 235-258.


Selected Earlier Papers

Additional Information

We are now synthesizing data from >8000 profiles to globally map and quantify the particle mass suspended in the bottom nepheloid (turbid) layer and examining forcing that causes episodic benthic storms in some parts of the ocean and not others.

We are also studying the role of river-borne and resuspended sediment on hypoxia along the Gulf of Mexico shelf.


  • Earl F. Cook Professor of Geosciences, 2010–present
  • Study Abroad, Santa Chiara, Italy-Fall 2011
  • Fulbright Fellow - Athens, Greece 2009
  • Faculty Development Leave – Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Athens, Greece 2009
  • Head, Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 2000–2005
  • Faculty Development Leave NOAA - PMEL, Seattle, Washington, 1996
  • Chair, Geological/Geophysical section, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1987–1995
  • Professor, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1990–present
  • Associate Professor, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1985–1990
  • Associate Research Scientist, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Columbia University, 1983–1985
  • Research Associate, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Columbia University, 1977–1983
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