Benjamin Giese

Benjamin Giese

Professor Emeritus

Physical Oceanography: Climate Change; Ocean Modeling; Data Assimilation


  • Coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling
  • Interannual climate variability
  • Climate change
  • Data assimilation

Selected Publications

  • S. Ray* and B.S. Giese, 2012: Changes in El Niño and La Niña characteristics in an ocean reanalysis and reconstructions from 1871-2008, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C11007, doi:10.1029/2012JC008031.
  • J.A. Carton, H.F. Seidel, and B.S. Giese, 2011: Detecting historical ocean climate variability, Journal Geophys. Res, 117, C02023.
  • G. Grunseich, B. Subrahmanyam , V. Murty and B.S. Giese, 2011: Sea Surface Salinity Variability during the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Events in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Journal Geophys. Res., Journal Geophys. Res, 116, C11013.
  • B.S. Giese and S. Ray*, 2011: El Nino variability in simple ocean data assimilation (SODA), 1871-2008, Journal Geophys. Res, 116, C02024
  • R. Czeschel, L. Stramma, F. Schwarzkopf and B.S. Giese, 2011: Middepth circulation of the eastern tropical South Pacific and its link to the oxygen minimum zone, Journal Geophys. Res, 116, C01015
  • B.S. Giese, G. A. Chepurin, J. A. Carton, T. P. Boyer, and H. F. Seidel, 2011: Impact of bathythermograph temperature bias models on an ocean reanalysis, J. Clim., 24, 84-93.
  • B.S. Giese, G.P. Compo, N.C. Slowey, P.D. Sardeshmukh, J.A. Carton, S. Ray*, and J.S. Whitaker, 2010: The 1918/1919 El Niño, Bulletin of Atmospheric Meteorological Society, 91, 177-183.
  • J.A. Carton and B.S. Giese, 2008: A reanalysis of ocean climate using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA), Mon Weather Rev., 136, 2999-3017.
  • A. J. Bratcher* and B. S. Giese, 2002: Tropical Pacific decadal variability and global warming, Geophys. Res. Letters, 29, DOI 10.1029/2002GL015191.
  • B. S. Giese, S. C. Urizar*, and N. S, Fuckar*, 2002: Southern Hemisphere origins of the 1976 climate shift, Geophys. Res. Letters, 29, DOI 10.1029/2001GL013268.

           * Designates student


Ph.D. Oceanography, University of Washington, 1989

M.S. Oceanography, University of Washington, 1985

B.A. Physics, University of Chicago, 1981

Additional Information

SODA (Simple Ocean Data Assimilation)     OARCA (Ocean Atmosphere Reanalysis).


  • Professor, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 2011-present
  • Associate Professor, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1999-2011
  • Assistant Professor, Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1994-1999
  • Assistant Research Scientist, Meteorology, University of Maryland, 1991-1993
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1989-1991

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